The propeller, if equipped, must be checked before, during, and after the engine has been ground operated. The propeller should be checked for proper torque on the mounting bolts, leaks, vibration, and for correct safety.
A propeller whose pitch-changing mechanism is electrically actuated may be checked before the engine is operated. Propellers whose pitch-changing mechanisms are oil actuated must be checked during engine operation after the normal operating oil temperature has been reached. In addition to checking the increase or decrease in rpm, the feathering cycle of the propeller should also be checked.
Checks and Adjustments After Engine Runup and Operation
After the engine has been ground operated, and again after flight test, operational factors must be adjusted, as necessary, and the entire installation given a thorough visual inspection. These adjustments often include fuel pressure and oil pressure, as well as rechecks of such factors as ignition timing, valve clearances, and idle speed and mixture. If these rechecks are indicated by the manner in which the engine performs.
After both the initial ground runup and the test flight, remove the oil sump plugs and screens and inspect for metal particles. Clean the screens before reinstalling them.
Check all lines for leakage and security of attachment. Especially, check the oil system hose clamps for security as evidenced by oil leakage at the hose connections. Also, inspect the cylinder holddown nuts or cap screws for security and safety. This check should also be performed after the flight immediately succeeding the test flight.