Receiving Inspection and Disassembly

in Engine Maintenance and Operation

Receiving Inspection

The receiving inspection consists of determining the general condition of the total engine as received, along with an inventory of the engine’s components. The accessory information should be recorded, such as model and serial numbers, and the accessories should be sent to overhaul if needed. The overhaul records should be organized and the appropriate manuals obtained and reviewed along with a review of the engine’s history (log books). The engine’s service bulletins, airworthiness directives, and type certificate compliance should be checked. The exterior of the engine should be cleaned after mounting it on an overhaul stand. [Figure 10-1]

Figure 10-1. Engine mounted on an overhaul stand.

Figure 10-1. Engine mounted on an overhaul stand.


As visual inspection immediately follows disassembly, all individual parts should be laid out in an orderly manner on a workbench as they are removed. To guard against damage and to prevent loss, suitable containers should be available in which to place small parts (nuts, bolts, etc.) during the disassembly operation.

Other practices to observe during disassembly include:

  1. Drain the engine oil sumps and remove the oil filter. Drain the oil into a suitable container; strain it through a clean cloth. Check the oil and the cloth for metal particles.
  2. Dispose of all safety devices (safety wire, cotter pins, etc.) as they are removed. Never use them a second time. Always replace with new safety devices.
  3. All loose studs, and loose or damaged fittings, should be carefully tagged to prevent being overlooked during inspection.
  4. Always use the proper tool for the job. Use sockets and box end wrenches wherever possible. If special tools are required, use them rather than improvising.